Conditions & Treatments

About Your Knee

Suffering from Knee Pain?

You don’t have to be a professional athlete to suffer from knee pain. Knee injuries and discomfort can develop from everyday wear and tear, overuse, injury or the aging process. Don’t let knee pain limit your ability to do the activities you enjoy. With the medical technology available today, it is no longer necessary to endure the pain and live with the limitation of activities caused by deteriorating knees.

The Board Certified Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Specialists at OSS Health perform a comprehensive evaluation to determine the most effective course of treatment for your knee pain. Many treatment options are available, including medications, injections, surgery and Physical Therapy.

Meet The OSS Health Knee Team:

Knee Conditions

Knee Pain

In many cases, knee pain is the result of overexertion or muscle soreness and subsides within a few days with ice and rest. When knee pain does not subside and persists for more than a few days, or when the knee is difficult to move or swollen, it is important to consult one of the Board Certified Orthopaedic Knee Specialists at OSS Health to find the underlying cause of the pain.

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Arthritis of the Knee

Rheumatoid arthritis of the hip/knee, which is often referred to simply as hip/knee arthritis, is the most common form of autoimmune arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation of the bones and soft tissues of the joints, causing the bones of the hip/knee to rub together, which results in pain and decreased function of the hip/knee. As the condition progresses, more cartilage is lost and more bone is exposed. Once the cartilage has completely worn away the bones of the hip/knee can begin to rub together causing increased pain and the formation of bone spurs within the joint.

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Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis of the knee, which is often referred to simply as knee arthritis, is one of the most common orthopaedic conditions, especially in the older population. Osteoarthritis is a condition that causes inflammation of the bones and soft tissues of the joints, causing the bones within the knee to rub together, which results in pain and decreased function of the knee. As the condition progresses, more cartilage is lost and more bone is exposed. Once the cartilage has completely worn away the bones of the knee can begin to rub together causing increased pain and the formation of bone spurs within the joint.

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ACL Tear

The ACL is one of the cruciate ligaments of the knee that prevents the bones that make up the knee sliding too far forward. Along with the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the two cross one each other in the knee joint to form an “X.”  ACL injuries are commonly sustained by athletes and active individuals who participate in high impact sports that involve running, jumping, cutting, pivoting and turning motions. However, the ACL can be injured due to a sudden impact that overextends the knee in one direction, or as the result of a slip and fall.

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Meniscus Tear

Your femur (leg bone), tibia (shin bone), and the patella (knee cap) make up your knee joint and because the knee is one of the weight-bearing joints in the body, a knee injury can pose many problems. Your menisci are two C-shaped pieces of soft cartilage that sit on either side of the knee. They act as shock absorbers that distribute weight between the knee bones and are especially important to take the stress of the knee joint when walking, running, jumping or anything active.

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MCL & PCL Injuries
The MCL (medial cruciate ligament) and PCL (posterior cruciate ligament) are two of the four ligaments (ACL, MCL, PCL, and LCL) that provide stability to the knee as well as prevent the knee from extending too far in a specific direction. The MCL and/or PCL are often injured during sports or activities when the knee is forcefully twisted to one side or is pushed backwards due to a direct blow to the knee. The MCL and/or PCL can also be injured when there is a simultaneous injury to the ACL.

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Patella Tendon Tear

The patella tendon is a fibrous band of tissue that connects the kneecap (patella) to the top of the shinbone (tibia) and allows the knee to bend and straighten. The patella tendon can be damaged or torn in several ways but, in most cases, the tear occurs at the point where the tendon attaches to the kneecap.

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Quadricep Tendon Tears and Repair
The four muscles of the quadricep converge at the kneecap (patella) to form the quadriceps tendon and work with the patella tendon to allow the knee to straighten. Injuries to the quadriceps tendon are often caused by a sudden change in direction to a planted foot or a quick acceleration that overloads the ligament. Although this injury is most common among athletes who participate in sports that require running or changes in direction, they can also be caused by a sudden impact to the knee.

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Knee Treatments

ACL Repair & Reconstruction

ACL repair or reconstruction are well-known arthroscopic procedures used to repair a torn ACL and are two of the most commonly performed in orthopaedic surgery. The goal of this procedure is to repair or reconstruct the torn ACL to restore stability to the knee. The ACL is repaired using small sutures and a graft from either your own hamstring or patella tendon to reinforce the newly repaired ligament. The repaired ligament is then threaded through small tunnels in the knee and reattached to its intended position in the knee using small screws.

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Meniscus Repair
The menisci are two C-shaped pieces of cartilage on either side of the knee that cushions the knee by evenly distributing weight while standing, walking, running, and jumping. When the meniscus is torn, it can cause pain within the knee as well as a feeling of “locking” of the knee. Meniscus repair or resection are arthroscopic procedures that treat a torn meniscus and relieve painful symptoms.

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Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee Replacement (also known as Total Knee Arthroplasty) is a procedure that removes the bone and cartilage of the knee that has been damaged due to arthritis and replaces them with metal and plastic components. These components mimic the anatomy and function of a healthy knee so that you can return to activities without the pain caused by arthritis. The procedure is one of the most well-known and most effective in orthopaedic surgery because it dramatically improves knee pain and quality of life.

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Partial Knee Replacement

Partial Knee Replacement is a procedure that removes the bone and cartilage of the knee that has been damaged due to arthritis and replaces them with metal and plastic components. These components mimic the anatomy and function of a healthy knee so that you can return to activities without the pain caused by arthritis.

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Revision Knee Arthroplasty

Revision joint arthroplasty (or Joint Replacement) is sometimes needed to correct an issue or complication from a previous Joint Replacement procedure. One of the most common reasons it is needed is to address osteoarthritis in another area of the joint. For instance, if you have had a Partial Knee Replacement and several years later osteoarthritis is affecting the other compartment of the knee, this compartment of the knee may now be replaced as well.

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Disclaimer: If this is a medical emergency, please dial 911 or report to your nearest emergency room.

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