What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a spinal deformity that causes either an S-shaped or C-shaped curvature of the spine. The condition is commonly seen in adolescents but can also develop progressively as an adult. In some cases, Scoliosis causes no other symptoms other than those that can be seen as physical imbalances (curvature of the spine, misalignment of hips, misalignment of shoulders). However, in other cases, Scoliosis may cause pain and other issues such as the compression of internal organs.
There are different types of Scoliosis and the types vary according to the causes of Scoliosis. They are divided into 4 main groups:
Idiopathic Scoliosis. It is by far the most common type of Scoliosis and it is also the only type that does not have a definite origin. It represents more than half the cases in the world.
Neuromuscular Scoliosis. It occurs due to neurological and muscular primary alterations such as “muscular dystrophy”, myelomeningocele or chiari malformation.
Congenital Scoliosis. It is caused by malformations in the bones of the spine (vertebrae) and hip from birth.
Traumatic Scoliosis. As the name suggests, it originates from a strong blow or accident to the spine.
What are the degrees of Scoliosis?
There are three degrees of Scoliosis and these degrees can change over time so it is important to be regularly examined based on your OSS Health Spine Specialists recommendation.
The degrees of Scoliosis are:
Mild. All curves with a deviation of up to 20 degrees are called mild or slight Scoliosis. It is the most common degree of Scoliosis.
Moderate. All curves with deviation from 20 to 40 degrees.
Severe. Curves that have more than 40 degrees of deviation from the spine are considered severe Scoliosis.
How is Scoliosis Treated at OSS Health?
Determining the treatment for Scoliosis typically depends on the severity of the Scoliosis and any physically limiting symptoms. Patients may be monitored over months or years to see if there are any changes in the curvature and if that change is causing other symptoms or limitations as well as the age of the patient.
The Spine Team at OSS Health offers a variety of treatment options based on your unique Scoliosis cause, curvature and progression.
Treatment options can include:
- Physical Therapy
- Scoliosis Correction Surgery
The Board Certified Spine Specialists at OSS Health are experts in Scoliosis and have helped thousands of patients live an active and healthy lifestyle.
Disclaimer: If this is a medical emergency, please dial 911 or report to your nearest emergency room.
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